“France, I love thee! All earth shall never pluck thee from my heart! My mistress, France; my wedded wife, sweet France; Who shall proclaim divorce for thee and me!”
Edward George Bulwer-Lytton
The city of light is a favourite tourist destination. The French capital has 160 museums, about 1,800 buildings registered as historical monuments, such as the Eiffel Tower, Notre-Dame de Paris, and Sacré-Coeur Basilica. Paris is a city of culture, history and romance. The capital has a large number of parks and beautiful streets spread with houses of Ottoman style. The capital of world fashion and luxury is ideal for shopping. Paris brings together a large number of boutiques and hosts many fashion events. Paris is also a city with a large number of health care institutions, saturated by highly qualified specialists. This is the centre of medicine development in France and globally. It was in Paris where the first heart transplant was performed back in 1968. Thus far, health care institutions of the city keep a progressive level of medicine due to world-renowned specialists. In 2014, surgery on the spinal cord of the foetus while it is still in the womb was performed. This example suggests the progress and excellence of French medicine in the capital of France.
Strasbourg is the capital of Europe, known throughout the world as a residence to the majority of European organizations. This historically German city has a vigorous history and significant cultural heritage. Strasbourg is filled with an impressive architectural wealth, which is why the city’s historic centre was included to the UNESCO World Heritage List. With more than 200 registered buildings and 20 museums, Strasbourg is a city of culture, art and history. Strasbourg is also spread with a large number of health care institutions. The city takes the place of honour in the field of innovation and research. Due to the development of a competitive cluster, cooperation between health care institutions and more than 60 laboratories is proceeding. Moreover, Strasbourg is a pioneer in telesurgery: in 2001, a doctor from New York is the first who conducts an operation to a patient in Strasbourg. It is important to note that being on the border with Germany and Switzerland, Strasbourg is working closely with health care institutions of these countries that guarantee a high-quality medicine.
The city is famous due to the world-known race and beautiful historical centre. Every year the city arranges the most prestigious automobile racing “24 Hours of Le Mans”. As a consequence, auto racing fans from around the world meet here annually. Also, Le Mans is famous for its rich history that is emphasized by the elements of city architecture, namely – an ancient Gallo-Roman wall. The city is just a 50-minute train ride away from the French capital Paris. Le Mans also has several good health care institutions, well-known due to their strong medical experience. In this city, for the first time in France, “seer” method that enables the custom-built production of prostheses for the patients using medical visualisation was applied. This technique combines several innovative technologies and methods. Thanks to this, Le Mans clinics remain an important part of the French medicine.
The first surgery using virtual reality was implemented in Angers on a patient with a cerebral tumour. This technological breakthrough advances the global medicine to a new level. Using the VR-glasses, doctors were able to put the patient in the virtual reality during surgery. With this technology, doctors completed surgery with unequalled accuracy, which previously was not possible. From a historical part, Angers is the ancient capital of Anjou, where the Plantagenets (family of the King of England) arose. The city is full of medieval attractions such as Château d’Angers castle, the residence of the Anjouian dukes and the historical fortress with a variety of facts and surprises. Angers is also famous for its diversity of wines of the Loire Valley. The cultural heritage of the city, its classic French cuisine and a wide range of wines makes Angers a must-see place.
Lyon is the third largest and second most populous city in France. The popular tourist destination is full of the historical heritage of the Renaissance, second in the number of buildings only to Venice. Lyon has not less than 427 hectares of historic sites included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The ancient capital of the Gauls is famous for its beauty, quality of life, and excellent gastronomy. In fact, Lyon is the world gourmet capital and it is full of exquisite culinary dishes. The city has an ideal location at the gates of the Alps and in the heart of the Rhone Valley, known in particular for its vineyards. Lyon is also a dynamic city in terms of culture and health. It has the highest density of doctors in France in terms of population. Lyon can be called a “health capital” because it is known as the first city with the highest quality of medical care in France. Health care institutions of the city are at the highest level in the field of transplantation surgery. Indeed, the first surgery in the world for arm transplantation and the first bilateral transplantation of both arms and forearms was performed in Lyon. Thus, the city has gained the worldwide reputation of the best practice in the field of medicine.
The capital of the Alps is known worldwide as the host of the Winter Olympic Games. Grenoble is located in the heart of the Alps at the foot of the ski resorts, which provides quick access to winter sports. Thirty-three monuments grace the rich historical city. Grenoble is also the second research centre after Paris that was dubbed as the French Silicon Valley. It is known that Grenoble is superior in several fields, including the medical field. Having the best health care institutions, the city also won the first of three places in the review of the medical publication “Impact médicale” (Medical impact). It is worth noting that the first implantation of a pacemaker without the probe was performed in Grenoble. The city is an important centre for medical researches that actively contributes to the excellence of French medicine.
Bordeaux is known worldwide for its famous vineyards, castles, and characteristic wines. The city is also marked by the beauty of its architecture and harbour in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Thanks to the huge number of different monuments and dozens of museums, the city is one of many French cities, which are famous for their art and history. Indeed, Bordeaux if famous for its wine-making history, furthermore, the city is the former capital of the Kingdom of Guyenne. The high level of quality of life and distinctive gastronomic preferences are due to the good location of the city near the Atlantic Ocean. Bordeaux has an excellent medical infrastructure. Known for its high level of medicine, the city has sheltered many doctors and scientists who have made major world-famous discoveries. For example, Joseph Black discovered carbon dioxide, and through the publication of many scientific works of Andre Castex, the concept of the essence of a variety of diseases became possible. High quality of health care institutions in Bordeaux has been proved long ago by one of the best practitioners.
The city, located between the sea and mountains, is a popular tourist destination. In Nice, there are many museums and historical attractions, such as “La promenade des Anglais” (English Promenade). The city has great architectural merits, including many palaces and castles. About a dozen museums enrich the historical and cultural heritage of Nice. Nice has a renewed health care system, furthermore, various health care institutions of the city are combined to strengthen mutual cooperation. The city has witnessed the birth of many researchers and doctors who have changed the world of medicine, such as Albert Calmette – an inventor of tuberculosis vaccine (BCG). Thanks to its historical past, Nice is an important city in the medical field in France.
The city is famous for its high level of quality of life, architecture, culture, gastronomy, as well as the favourite sport of citizens – rugby. “Pink City” has a distinctive architectural heritage due to the predominance of buildings made of red and orange brick. The former capital of the Visigoths is characterized by a rich and dynamical history thats is reflected in a dozen of museums of the “Pink City”. Toulouse gastronomy is rich in exquisite dishes that emphasize the superiority of French cuisine. The city is also the European capital of aeronautics. It is the headquarters of the “Airbus” company, so the majority of the city’s population consists of engineers and scientists. Toulouse has a large number of health care institutions and a significant number of internationally recognized doctors. The first laparoscopic surgery of the bladder was performed in Toulouse. The process of laparoscopy was invented in France and it received its further development in Toulouse. Currently, this method is used worldwide.
In 2013, the city was named as the European capital of culture. Marseille has the second largest commercial harbour of the Mediterranean Sea. Thanks to this, Marcel is also called “the door to the East”. In Marseille, there are many different cultural monuments, it is the oldest historical city in France. Marseille shares its borders with the Mediterranean Sea and has the most magnificent bays. Quality of life, a warm climate and a Mediterranean charm, attracts many tourists to the city each year. Marseille is also famous for its thermal resorts. The city also has many health care institutions and doctors with a high reputation. For example, the first transplantation of artificial cornea was performed in Marseille, the hospitals of which are equipped with the most efficient and advanced equipment in France.